It’s interesting to know that some of the items related to decoration or building structures, despite their wooden appearance, are originally made of other materials. In fact, in the design of these devices and equipment, natural wood veneers are used and the core is made of other materials. Natural wood veneer has a lot of functions in various industries, and for this reason, we decided to talk about the types of natural wood veneers and their applications in this article. Stay tuned with us to get the necessary information in this regard.
How is Natural Wood Veneer Produced?
In general definition, wood veneer is a thin sheet of wood that is less than 3 mm thick and is used to cover various tools and surfaces. For example, you may have decided to completely change the design of your home cabinets, and on the other hand, you do not have enough money to use wood to build cabinets. In this case, you can go for wood veneer. By doing this, the cabinets will look like natural wood. There are generally three ways to make natural wood veneer:
Wood Veneer by Sawing Method
The oldest way to produce wood veneer is to use very fine saws. This method dates back to ancient Egypt. To perform this method, the carpenter must have a very high delicacy in the work to be able to manually produce wood veneers in the form of perfectly uniform sheets of the same size.
Wood Veneer with Slicer or Lathe
With the advancement of science and technology, the equipment and tools used in the wood industry have also advanced and now slicers are used to produce natural wood veneers. In this method, first, the wood of the trees must be cut into large pieces in the form of squares, and then, using the blade of the machine, these wooden pieces are divided into thin sheets of the same diameter.
Wood Veneer with Pipe Cutting Machine
In this method, the wooden parts of the trees need to be turned into cylinders and then fixed between the two clamps of the plumbing machine. When these cylindrical pieces of wood rotate, they strike the cutting blade, resulting in very thin sheets.
Wood Veneer Cutting Methods
If you look at different types of natural wood veneers, you will find that the patterns on the veneers are different. The most important factor that affects this issue is the direction of cutting the veneer. Accordingly, the types of cuts for the production of natural wood veneer are:
- Tangential Cutting
If the pieces of wood are cut tangentially and parallel to the wood blades, the tree trunk circles, which are formed annually and indicate the age of the tree, will appear concentric and of course, out of order, on the wood veneers. In this method of producing natural wood veneer, the cutting of wood pieces must be done in the direction of the length of the tree.
- Radial Cutting of Wood
The most prominent feature of natural wood veneers that are created by radial cutting is the dark and light strips on the veneer, which are formed one by one, in a row and as a result, increase the attractiveness and beauty of the veneer. Beech and oak woods are mainly used to produce this type of veneer.
- Interstitial Cutting of Wood
The third method of cutting wood pieces to produce natural wood veneer is the interstitial method, in which the carpenter adjusts the cutting blades in a way that is not completely tangential, nor completely radial. In fact, he has chosen an interstitial cut.
Natural Wood Veneer Made of Different Parts of Trees
The quality of wood of trees will be different in different parts. For example, the wood of the branches has less strength than the wood of the tree trunk. Therefore, Wood veneer is produced from different parts of trees and has different applications based on their strength and degree of resistance:
Natural Wood Veneer Made of Tree Branches
Certainly, the wood of branches has its own usages and are used to make wood veneer too. But it is necessary to point out that the wood veneer obtained from the branches of trees has very little strength and is thin, but at the same time the patterns on them are rotational. When you look at the wood veneers, made of the branches of the trees, you will see flame motifs featuring on them, which is very attractive.
Natural Wood Veneer from Tree Protrusions
If you look closely at the trunks of the trees, you will notice that some of them have wart-like ridges that are also suitable for the production of wood veneers. Although the wood veneer obtained from this part will be very beautiful, but since the size of the prominent pieces on the trunks of the trees is small, it is more difficult to work with them and that is why it will require more delicacy and patience. This makes natural wood veneers made of tree protrusions more expensive than of the branches.
Different Types and Applications of Natural Wood Veneers
Natural wood veneers are made from different types of trees and as the strength and durability of woods are different, the quality of wood veneers will vary. That is why natural wood veneers have different applications.
In the following, we introduce some types of natural wood veneers and their applications:
Beech Wood Veneer
These veneers are mainly used to make wooden furniture inside the building, such as beds, tables, cupboards, wooden doors and cabinets. The color of these coatings is brownish pink and therefore will give a lot of attractiveness to home decoration design.
Walnut Wood Veneer
This type of veneer is also used to make furniture, wooden cabinets and doors. Since their color is brownish gray and they have very small and attractive patterns, they will be very popular for interior decoration.
Oak Wood Veneer
Another type of natural wood veneer that is utilized to make wooden furniture, including tables, cabinets and doors, is oak veneer, the color of which varies from light to dark brown.
Mahogany Wood Veneer
In addition to being utilized for cabinets and tables, this wood also is a good option for displaying wooden façade. The color of this wood veneer varies from yellow to reddish-brown.
Scots Elm Wood Veneer
The color of this wood veneer is mostly reddish-brown, but in some cases, you can also see green streaks in it. The most important applications of this wood veneer are for making cupboards, furniture, wooden cabinets and doors.
Olive Wood Veneer
You can use olive wood veneer to make wooden doors and furniture, as well as decorative wooden boxes. Olive wood also has a great variety in terms of color, changing between gray and pale yellow. In the texture of olive wood veneer, you can also see olive colors or dark brown.
The quality of the chosen wood for furniture, interior decoration and exterior application, not only determines its durability, but is also very important from an aesthetic point of view.
Finland Wood Company with a team of experienced specialists in the field of recognizing different types of wood, are ready to offer you a variety of wood products. For consultation from our experts, you can call the company numbers or use the online chat service of the website.