The lemon tree is one of those leafy plants that can grow to a height of 40 meters and its trunk width varies from one to two meters. Lemon trees (scientifically known as Tilia) can live for a long time, with lifespans of up to 1,000 years.
This tree is mostly planted in all parts of the world, especially in coastal areas with a Mediterranean climate to tropical regions. It has various species.
The lemon tree has semi-heavy wood, hard and dense, compact and fine-textured, homogeneous, and with medium elongation
The outer wood is very thin and yellowish-white, and the inner wood is yellow, sometimes with green streaks. It has a specific gravity of 0.74. It is well-turned and polished and has relatively good durability.
Lemonwood is mostly used for turning, carving, inlaying, meshing, inlaying, and inlaying, joinery.
Properties of lemon tree
Lemon trees are characterized by their light-colored heartwood showing shades of white, yellow, and reddish brown. Spruce wood is difficult to distinguish from heartwood. The fine grains within the wood are remarkably evenly spaced, making the annual rings barely noticeable. When exposed to sunlight, hardwood tends to turn yellow. In general, it is recommended to avoid extreme temperature fluctuations.
Winter and summer deciduous wood does not show a significant difference. Lemonwood is soft and belongs to the category of medium-heavy wood, and its average density is 530 kg/m3. It has a constant density, is resistant, and shows little elasticity.
It is worth noting that only the trunk of a carefully selected near tree, at least 75 years old, is harvested. Proper storage after felling is very important: the wood must undergo a drying process for at least four years until it reaches a moisture content of 8-12%. This drying process is vital to prevent cracking of the wood, while also strengthening the fine grain of the sapwood.
Lime lumber is easy to cut and shape and is also flexible and bends easily. These properties make it an excellent material for carving, turning, and splitting. However, the resulting surfaces may not be perfectly smooth. While the connection may not always be satisfactory, nails and screws provide a reliable connection. After sanding, surfaces can be effectively polished. Painting, painting, and varnishing do not cause any problems.
Even as late as the Gothic period, maple wood was highly favored by sculptors, woodcarvers, and turners. This preference remains largely unchanged due to the exceptional performance of wood. Because Namdar wood was frequently used in making statues of saints, it earned its reputation as “holy wood”. In addition to its use in the production of furniture, Nemdar wood is also used in making cuckoo clocks, toys, musical instruments, wooden shoes, and traditional wood carvings such as Shabestan sets.