Take a few pieces of wood from different trees and look carefully. Just by looking, you will notice that the texture of the woods is different from each other, and this difference has led to the woods being in different groups in terms of degree of hardness. A group of woods is known as softwoods. You may think that wood softness means its flexibility so that it can bend easily with the slightest force. But this idea is completely wrong. Follow us in this article to introduce you to the most popular softwoods and their features. When you have more information in this area, you will definitely be more precise when buying equipment.
The Most Important Characteristics of Softwoods
First, you need to know that softwoods belong to the coniferous family. One of the most prominent features of softwood is the color difference of layers inside the wood. This means that when cutting down a tree, you can easily distinguish the layers of wood, one by one. Based on this color difference, experts can well determine the age of the trees through these annual rings. The color spectrum of softwoods ranges from very pale yellow to reddish-brown, which is why it is especially effective for making decorative items.
Certainly, it should be noted that the softness of wood does not mean that its texture is weak, but coniferous trees have fully compacted structure that, while soft, has very high durability and is therefore used in the construction industry. In fact, softwoods have relatively high strength. So the word softness goes back to the issue of wood polishing. Working with softwoods is much easier than hardwoods, and carpenters and woodworkers can make the finest designs on softwoods, even with hand tools. Another characteristic of softwoods is that they are cheaper than hardwoods.
Therefore, in general, the most important properties of softwoods can be classified as follows:
- These woods belong to evergreen trees whose leaves are needle-shaped and the seeds are inside a cone.
- Woods of the Gymnosperms family are considered softwoods.
- Softwoods produce a lot of sap, which should be taken into account when working with them.
- Softwoods are also light in terms of weight and density.
- The resistance of this type of wood to fire is very low.
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Introducing the Most Popular Softwoods
In this section we will introduce different types of common softwoods and explain their characteristics:
The cypress tree is one of the most beautiful green space trees that can be found in abundance in our country, Finland. There are different types of cypress in Finland, which, in addition to diversity in terms of appearance and growth form, are also different in terms of wood color and texture. Cypress is an evergreen tree with reddish-brown wood color and a relatively soft texture. If you look closely at the pieces of cypress wood, you will see straight veins on them. Of course, it should be noted that cypress wood, despite being soft, has a very high strength and therefore will be a very good option for building ship decks and patio furniture.
One of the prominent features of poplar wood is the straight veins that are easily visible. The color of this wood is reddish-brown and it is mainly used for making furniture. Poplar wood is known as one of the hardwoods among softwoods because it is somewhat strong and has relatively good strength.
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Other trees that can be found in abundance in Finland are pine tree species. The most common uses of pine wood are in the manufacture of home appliances such as furniture, tables and chairs, and the like. Pinewood polishing is very easy and you will not have any restrictions and problems even for delicate carvings. Another strength of pine wood is getting polished very well and therefore it will enhance the beauty of the item.
Redwood belongs to the coniferous family and is native to the coastal forests of Northern California. Redwood is also relatively soft and its color tends to be red. If you cut this wood crosswise, you will notice that the outer layer is completely red and the inner part is light. This color difference has made it more attractive.
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If we want to mention another type of softwood, we have to talk about cherry wood, which is mainly used for interior architecture, furniture and even cabinets. The most important reason for the attractiveness of this wood is its reddish color, which has increased its efficiency for interior decoration design. Especially as it is easy to work with this wood and does not crack or break.
The quality of the chosen wood for furniture, interior decoration and exterior application, not only determines its durability, but is also very important from an aesthetic point of view.
Finland Wood Company with a team of experienced specialists in the field of recognizing different types of wood, are ready to offer you a variety of wood products. For consultation from our experts, you can call the company numbers or use the online chat service of the website.