You must have heard the word “Timber Board” or “Timber“. The question that comes to the mind of most of us after hearing this term is what is the difference between timber board and wood? If you read this article carefully, by considering the details and characteristics of wood timber as well as its applications, you will understand what is the difference between wood and timber and what place each one has in the wood industry and woodworking.
What is Timber?
As you know, wood is one of the most important natural materials which is used for the construction of various instruments and even for decoration of buildings, both interior and exterior. Especially in the last few years, when the style of construction has tended to modern style or a combination of modern and traditional style, the place of wood for building design has increased. For this reason, it is necessary to be familiar with the types of wood and its supplementary materials. In a general definition, wood timber is a piece of wood that is cut from the trunk of a tree in different dimensions and shapes. For example, after cutting a tree trunk, it is divided into rectangular or square pieces with different lengths, widths, and thicknesses, all of which are called timber. Based on this definition, we can understand the difference between timber and wood. Wood is the raw material that is obtained as a result of cutting down trees and it is transferred to factories and workshops for making wooden tools without any cutting. But the timber is obtained after cutting the tree and dividing the wood into different parts. Therefore, timber and wood are not different in terms of nature and material.
Guideline for Choosing Timber
Tree wood is different in terms of strength, hardness, resistance to environmental conditions, and even color, and as a result, we will see a great variety among types of timber. Unfortunately, there is also counterfeit wood on the market right now. One of the problems that ordinary people face, is distinguishing original wood from counterfeit one. In several articles, we have tried to carefully explain the characteristics of different types of wood. But you need an expert at the time of purchase to be able to determine if the wood used in the device is of the desired quality or not. When choosing a timber board, you should also pay attention whether the selected wood timber is suitable for the intended project.
– Wood Density
Different woods will have different densities depending on their texture and weight, which is why not every type of wood can be used, for instance, to build a boat. Therefore, depending on the project you are considering in carpentry or based on the tools you are intending to make, you should use the appropriate timber. For example, furniture industry: You should know that to make all wooden implements in the house, such as furniture or even interior decoration, low-density wood is needed.
– Wood Texture
The strength, durability, and resistance of wood to environmental conditions and impacts, depend on the texture of the wood. When we talk about wood texture, we mean how the fibers and grains inside the wood are placed next to each other. For instance, you may have seen some types of wood with a straightforward and uniform design. This indicates that the fibers are placed next to each other in a straight line. In general, the texture quality of wood determines its durability and appearance. Be sure to pay attention to this point when choosing wood timber.
– Pay Attention to the Color of the Timber
There are different types of wood timber in the market, in various colors and designs, and carpenters and industrialists choose the proper color based on their purpose. Timber with special colors such as reddish-brown, amber and golden yellow is often used to make decorative items. Also, some designs on timber make the interior decoration and furniture look more attractive.
– Degree of Wood Timber
One of the most important things in choosing a timber board is its degree of rigidity. As you know, some woods have a hard texture and some have a soft one. Hardness or softness of wood affects its resistance to decay, prevention of cracking when working with wood, as well as ease of working with wood. Therefore, carpenters must first carefully examine the hardness of the timber and see if it will be a good option to build the item.
– The Price of Timber
Another factor that causes the variety of timber is the price, which will be determined based on the quality, color, degree of hardness and design of the wood. Also, if the timber is made of a scarce type of wood, the price will change. Therefore, carpenters must be mindful of the price matter when using different types of timber. To make interior decoration, ornamental items and furniture, you will need high-quality wood, first grade and high quality. These kinds of wood will definitely cost more. However, if the wood is supposed to be used for hidden parts of the building that are not visible, only the discussion of strength should be considered and the color or design of the wood will not be an issue.
What is the meaning of the printed degree on wood Timber?
When the timber enters the factory and its specifications are fully categorized in terms of density, texture, hardness, color and design, a label is placed on them. This sticker will help you to know if the purchased timber is original and if there is a problem, you can go to the relevant store and fix the problem. Information that can be obtained through the degree printed on wood is:
– Name of the manufacturer
– Certificate logo
– Hardness degree of wood
– The amount of moisture in the wood
– Abbreviation to specify the type of tree
Some Disadvantages in the Timber
As mentioned in this article, when buying timber, you should carefully examine all the wood to find out that this wood has no defects in appearance and texture and will be a good choice for the purpose you have in mind. For instance, you must pay attention to the label on the timber and carefully control the information in it. On the other hand, when inspecting timber, make sure it is not included any of the defects mentioned below:
Sometimes very deep cracks are observed along with the timber, some of which are naturally on the wood texture and some of which occur during the cutting process.
– Some types of wood timber have very small holes, but if this hole is very large, it will affect the efficiency of the timber.
Also, some types of timber have successive curvatures that will create some restrictions in their usage. So make certain to check whether this timber is suitable for your work.
The quality of the chosen wood for furniture, interior decoration and exterior application, not only determines its durability, but is also very important from an aesthetic point of view.
Finland Wood Company with a team of experienced specialists in the field of recognizing different types of wood, are ready to offer you a variety of wood products. For consultation from our experts, you can call the company numbers or use the online chat service of the website.