You must have heard the word “Timber Board” or “Timber“. The question that comes to the mind of most of us after hearing this term is what is the difference between timber board and wood? If you read this article carefully, by considering the details and characteristics of wood timber as well as its applications, you will understand what is the difference between wood and timber and what place each one has in the wood industry and woodworking.
What is Timber?
As you know, wood is one of the most important natural materials which is used for the construction of various instruments and even for decoration of buildings, both interior and exterior. Especially in the last few years, when the style of construction has tended to modern style or a combination of modern and traditional style, the place of wood for building design has increased.
For this reason, it is necessary to be familiar with the types of wood and its supplementary materials. In a general definition, wood timber is a piece of wood that is cut from the trunk of a tree in different dimensions and shapes.
For example, after cutting a tree trunk, it is divided into rectangular or square pieces with different lengths, widths, and thicknesses, all of which are called timber. Based on this definition, we can understand the difference between timber and wood. Wood is the raw material that is obtained as a result of cutting down trees and it is transferred to factories and workshops for making wooden tools without any cutting.
But the timber is obtained after cutting the tree and dividing the wood into different parts. Therefore, timber and wood are not different in terms of nature and material.
read more: Most Common Wood In Sweden
Timber wood tree
Timber wood trees are trees that are harvested for their wood, which is then used in construction, furniture, and other wood products. Timber wood trees are typically coniferous species, such as pine, spruce, fir, and larch, although some hardwood species, such as oak and maple, are also harvested for timber.
types of wood boards
There are many different types of wood boards, each with its own unique characteristics and uses. Some common types of wood boards include:
- Plywood: made from thin layers of wood veneer that are glued together, plywood is strong, versatile, and often used in construction and furniture-making.
- Particle board: made from wood particles and adhesive, particle board is a cost-effective material used in furniture and cabinetry.
- MDF (medium-density fiberboard): made from wood fibers and resin, MDF is a versatile, smooth, and stable material often used in furniture and cabinetry.
- Solid wood: made from a single piece of wood, solid wood boards are durable, attractive, and come in a variety of types, including oak, maple, cherry, and pine.
- Hardboard: made from compressed wood fibers, hardboard is a smooth and versatile material often used in furniture and decorative items.
- Oriented Strand Board (OSB): made from strands of wood that are oriented in different directions and held together with adhesive, OSB is a strong and affordable material often used in construction.
- Cedar: a type of softwood known for its natural resistance to rot, cedar is often used for outdoor furniture and structures.
- Redwood: a type of softwood known for its natural beauty and durability, redwood is often used for outdoor furniture, decking, and fencing.
- Mahogany: a type of hardwood known for its rich, reddish-brown color and durability, mahogany is often used in high-end furniture and decorative items.
- Teak: a type of hardwood known for its strength, durability, and resistance to moisture and insects, teak is often used for outdoor furniture and marine applications.
Guideline for Choosing Timber
Tree wood is different in terms of strength, hardness, resistance to environmental conditions, and even color, and as a result, we will see a great variety among types of timber. Unfortunately, there is also counterfeit wood on the market right now. One of the problems that ordinary people face, is distinguishing original wood from counterfeit one. In several articles, we have tried to carefully explain the characteristics of different types of wood.
But you need an expert at the time of purchase to be able to determine if the wood used in the device is of the desired quality or not. When choosing a timber board, you should also pay attention whether the selected wood timber is suitable for the intended project.
Different woods will have different densities depending on their texture and weight, which is why not every type of wood can be used, for instance, to build a boat. Therefore, depending on the project you are considering in carpentry or based on the tools you intend to make, you should use the appropriate timber. For example, furniture industry: You should know that to make all wooden implements in the house, such as furniture or even interior decoration, low-density wood is needed.
The strength, durability, and resistance of wood to environmental conditions and impacts, depend on the texture of the wood. When we talk about wood texture, we mean how the fibers and grains inside the wood are placed next to each other. For instance, you may have seen some types of wood with a straightforward and uniform design. This indicates that the fibers are placed next to each other in a straight line. In general, the texture quality of wood determines its durability and appearance. Be sure to pay attention to this point when choosing wood timber.
Pay Attention to the Color of the Timber
There are different types of wood timber in the market, in various colors and designs, and carpenters and industrialists choose the proper color based on their purpose. Timber with special colors such as reddish-brown, amber and golden yellow is often used to make decorative items. Also, some designs on timber make the interior decoration and furniture look more attractive.
Degree of Wood Timber
One of the most important things in choosing a timber board is its degree of rigidity. As you know, some woods have a hard texture and some have a soft one. Hardness or softness of wood affects its resistance to decay, prevention of cracking when working with wood, as well as ease of working with wood. Therefore, carpenters must first carefully examine the hardness of the timber and see if it will be a good option to build the item.
The Price of Timber
Another factor that causes the variety of timber is the price, which will be determined based on the quality, color, degree of hardness and design of the wood. Also, if the timber is made of a scarce type of wood, the price will change. Therefore, carpenters must be mindful of the price matter when using different types of timber. To make interior decoration, ornamental items and furniture, you will need high-quality wood, first grade and high quality. These kinds of wood will definitely cost more. However, if the wood is supposed to be used for hidden parts of the building that are not visible, only the discussion of strength should be considered and the color or design of the wood will not be an issue.
What is the meaning of the printed degree on wood Timber?
When the timber enters the factory and its specifications are fully categorized in terms of density, texture, hardness, color and design, a label is placed on them. This sticker will help you to know if the purchased timber is original and if there is a problem, you can go to the relevant store and fix the problem. Information that can be obtained through the degree printed on wood is:
- Name of the manufacturer
- Certificate logo
- Hardness degree of wood
- The amount of moisture in the wood
- Abbreviation to specify the type of tree
Some Disadvantages in the Timber
As mentioned in this article, when buying timber, you should carefully examine all the wood to find out that this wood has no defects in appearance and texture and will be a good choice for the purpose you have in mind. For instance, you must pay attention to the label on the timber and carefully control the information in it. On the other hand, when inspecting timber, make sure it is not included any of the defects mentioned below:
Sometimes very deep cracks are observed along with the timber, some of which are naturally on the wood texture and some of which occur during the cutting process.
- Some types of wood timber have very small holes, but if this hole is very large, it will affect the efficiency of the timber.
Also, some types of timber have successive curvatures that will create some restrictions in their usage. So make certain to check whether this timber is suitable for your work.
The quality of the chosen wood for furniture, interior decoration and exterior application, not only determines its durability, but is also very important from an aesthetic point of view.
Types of boards used in schools
- Whiteboards: Whiteboards are a popular type of board used in classrooms and other educational settings. They are typically made of a smooth, glossy surface that can be written on with dry erase markers.
- Chalkboards: Chalkboards are a traditional type of board used in schools. They are made of a rough, porous surface that can be written on with chalk.
- Corkboards: Corkboards are a type of board used for displaying notes, pictures, and other materials. They are typically made of a soft, spongy material that can be pinned with push pins.
what is the difference between timber and lumber?
Timber and lumber are two terms that are often used interchangeably to describe wood, but there is a difference between the two:
Timber generally refers to trees that have been felled and are still in their natural state, with their bark intact. Timber is often used in construction and woodworking, and it can be sawn into lumber.
Lumber, on the other hand, refers to processed wood that has been sawn into standardized sizes for use in construction or woodworking. Lumber may come from timber or from other sources, such as recycled wood products.
In summary, timber is the raw material harvested from trees, while lumber is the finished product that has been processed for specific applications.
wood from Finland
Finland is known for its high-quality wood products, such as furniture, flooring, and cabinetry. The country is home to a number of different species of trees, including pine, spruce, birch, and alder. The most popular type of wood used for furniture in Finland is birch, which is known for its light color and strength. Other popular types of wood used in Finland include oak, ash, and beech.
Finland is home to a variety of timber species, including pine, spruce, birch, aspen, and alder. These species are used for a variety of purposes, including construction, furniture, and paper production. Finland is also a major exporter of timber, with the majority of exports going to other European countries.
finland wood export
Finland is one of the world’s leading exporters of wood products. In 2019, the country exported nearly $6.8 billion worth of wood products, making it the world’s fourth-largest exporter of wood products. The majority of Finland’s wood exports are sawn timber, which accounts for around 70% of the total value of wood exports. Plywood, pulp, and paper are also among the top exports. The main export destinations for Finland’s wood products are Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, Sweden, and China.
largest producer of wood
The largest producer of wood in the world is the United States, finland followed by Russia, China, Canada, and Brazil. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United States produced about 320 million cubic meters of wood in 2020, while Russia produced about 285 million cubic meters, and China produced about 240 million cubic meters.
It’s worth noting that there are different types of wood products, including sawnwood, wood-based panels, pulp and paper products, and fuelwood. The ranking of countries as the largest producers may vary depending on the type of wood product considered.
is timber wood expensive?
Timber wood can be expensive depending on the type and quality of the wood. Some types of timber, such as mahogany and teak, can be quite expensive due to their rarity and high demand. Other types of timber, such as pine and oak, maybe more affordable.
Is timber a hardwood?
Yes, timber is a hardwood.
Is all wood called timber?
No, not all wood is called timber. Timber is a specific type of wood that is cut into boards or planks for use in construction and carpentry.
Which tree is used in timber?
Common trees used for timber include oak, pine, maple, ash, walnut, and mahogany.
Finland Wood Company with a team of experienced specialists in the field of recognizing different types of wood, are ready to offer you a variety of wood products. For consultation from our experts, you can call the company numbers or use the online chat service of the website.
Is timber a strong wood?
These timbers have a higher strength-to-weight ratio. Timber can be used in combination with concrete and steel to increase durability and stability.
Is timber a good material?
yes. Wood is known for its strength in construction. This wood has a very good load bearing capability.