The best woods for fire
What steps should be taken to prepare the appropriate wood for fire?
Therefore, wood moisture will gradually be lost.
Important Points to Note:
- The lower the moisture content in wood, the better it burns and the less smoke it produces. Wood continues to dry even when it rains and is often only wet on the outside.
- This can primarily be determined by its weight. Dry wood is lighter than moist wood.
Wood that isn’t dry doesn’t burn well and generates a lot of smoke. The moisture content of wood varies and affects how quickly it burns. High moisture wood burns less efficiently and produces more smoke in comparison to dry wood.
Which wood should we use? Greenwood or dry wood?
What kind of wood is not suitable for campfires?
Softwood as Kindling:
Pine is the best choice, but other softwoods like spruce, fir, European pine, Douglas fir, cedar, hemlock, tamarack, fir, basswood, and pine are suitable. Softwoods ignite more quickly and leave finer ashes compared to hardwoods. However, working with them can be more challenging due to the resin, especially present in pine. On the other hand, resin burns well.
Softwoods are suitable for kindling and starting fires. They ignite and burn more easily. The best softwood is spruce, but you can also use fir, pine, and spruce. In the image, from left to right: fir, larch, and pine.
Hardwood as Firewood:
Hardwoods typically include deciduous trees such as oak, beech, ash, maple, hickory, mahogany, and even European pine (to some extent). These are the best-burning woods that provide you with a hotter and longer-lasting burn. Hardwoods have less resin and sap, making them cleaner in general. Hardwoods are a family of trees that are particularly suitable as fuel for burning. They burn hot and for an extended period, making them ideal for cooking. They can be used in fireplaces, outdoor fire pits, wood stoves, or campfires.
Guide to Choosing the Best Wood for Firewood:
This is what’s referred to as hardwood from deciduous trees like oak, beech, hickory, cherry, and ash. All hardwoods have good heat properties. However, there are differences in burning: when heated, they often produce sparks, and only small flames. Oak wood can keep embers burning for a long time, but to ensure it doesn’t produce oak tannic acid smoke, it requires very high temperatures.
Hickory is an excellent choice. It’s identifiable by a beautiful blue flame and burns faster than oak wood. Oakwood burns in its most picturesque form. It’s also easy to ignite, has long-lasting embers, produces plenty of sparks, and is considered the best firewood.
Softwood from coniferous trees like pine, spruce, Douglas fir, and cedar burns quickly due to their high resin content. Because of their high resin content, they are suitable for kindling. They splinter well and emit a pleasant aroma. It’s essential for any type of wood to be untreated; otherwise, toxic emissions are created when it burns.
Buy Charcoal Wood from a Professional Source:
You can purchase pre-cut and packaged charcoal woods from online suppliers, hardware stores, and garden centers. If you have the means to store wood, you can also order larger quantities from wood dealers or forestry offices.
Compare Wood Prices Properly:
When comparing prices, consider whether it’s by the cubic meter or a cord. Since a cubic meter has more space, the amount of wood is less than a cord.
Whether your fireplace burns in an eco-friendly manner or is harmful to the environment largely depends on how you operate it and the type of fuel you use. Therefore, only use dry wood. Hardwoods like oak and beech are more suitable. Use small pieces of wood for kindling. They ignite faster than large logs, so the required temperature for complete combustion is quickly reached. Adding smaller amounts of wood more times can be beneficial for consistent heating in terms of energy and the environment.
Do Not Burn Unauthorized Materials:
Only low-smoke fuels can be burned in a fireplace. These are natural and bulk wood fuels, including seasoned logs, kindling, and wooden briquettes. Using coffee-colored charcoal briquettes for any hearth is not permitted. That’s why you should take a look at your fireplace’s operating instructions.
In addition to unpleasant odors, burning unauthorized materials also produces greenhouse gases that are harmful to health and the environment. Burning unauthorized fuels is also a violation of the Federal Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control Act. Incorrect fuels and the residues of their combustion can disrupt the performance and lifespan of the stove and chimney – in this case, the manufacturer’s warranty is usually voided. For example, burning unauthorized materials is not allowed.
What wood not to use:
In our geographical areas, there is no type of wood that can’t be burned safely. For safety, use the tree species mentioned above and keep in mind the tannic acid content in oak.
With dense trees and shrubs, caution should be exercised; it’s better to stick to tree species you are familiar with.
Moist wood produces a lot of smoke, so it’s not suitable as firewood.
Processed wood is also available: furniture is often made from coated panels or glued materials. The glue is a type of plastic that releases toxic fumes when burned, which is not only harmful to the environment but also to your respiratory system. Additionally, you should avoid using pallets and colored wood.