Paulownia trees are tree species that are noticed among many tree species with their different and interesting characteristics.
Paulownias, which have been able to attract attention with their magnificent appearance in urban forests, provide a relaxing place for people by creating a cool and shady atmosphere.
What is a Paulownia tree?
Where and how does it grow?
We have compiled information about the properties and uses of Paulownia wood.
The wood of the Paulownia tree is soft, light and smooth. which is very light and dries easily in the open air.
The most important applications of Paulownia wood:
- Paulownia wood has many uses in various industries. Paulownia wood is a very valuable wood in the industry of furniture making, making musical instruments, boat making and airplane making, etc.
- It is used in pencil making, cabinet making, box making, matchmaking and paper making.
- It is used in the manufacture of musical and sports equipment such as surfboards and skis, sports rackets, toothpicks, ice cream sticks, and airplane industries.
- Paulownia wood is mainly used for building houses.
- Its advantage is that it dries quickly without deformation and has a high resistance to breakage. Timber, ceiling, flooring, window frames, doors, as well as any type of furniture, are produced from Paulownia wood. Paulownia wood is an excellent material that carpenters are very happy to process because of its softness.
Characteristics of Paulownia wood
- As you walk near the paulownia wood panels, you will notice the beautiful rays on the surfaces. By placing your hands on the wooden surface, you can get a softer feeling like silk but warm.
- Due to the fact that water does not penetrate easily from the outer surface into and inside the wood, the high resistance of Paulownia wood against moisture is considered one of its special characteristics.
- Due to its anti-heat and fire properties, paulownia wood is used to prepare charcoal.
- Paulownia is a light wood, with a soft honey to light gray color. Its surface is characterized by a silky shine. The surface of the wood is quite noticeable due to the rings indicating the age of the wood.
- The heat tolerance threshold of Paulownia wood is 420°C, which is higher than normal forest wood (270°C).
- Due to its low density, wood has a relatively smooth surface. This feature is considered an advantage, but in some cases it can cause damage and minor scratches.
Everything about the Paulownia tree
Paulownia is currently known mainly to amateur gardeners, and this is due to the beautiful flowers that bloom in May, with large, even 70 cm long, fluff-covered leaves. The greatest growth of the Paulownia tree is observed in the first years of its life. With age (starting from the fifth year) it grows slowly and the diameter of the trunk increases by one centimeter every year.
Crown width and shape: 3-6 meters, it is scattered and circular.
Undoubtedly, Paulownia has important decorative and aesthetic values. Even when not blooming, its large leaves attracts attention from afar. Paulownia is praised by many for growing a large tree from a seedling in just a few years, creating a new green space like an old garden that has been well cared for over the years.
Paulownia impresses with its growth rate, and under favorable conditions, a tree can grow to two meters in a year after planting.
Paulownia tree has different characteristics. Among the characteristics of the Paulownia tree, the following can be mentioned:
- It is resistant to dehydration.
- The tree species is wide-leaved and grows fast.
- In the first year after becoming a seedling, it grows in the range of 4-6 meters.
- It creates an important alternative in global timber production.
- It is preferred in beekeeping because its flowers contain a lot of nectar.
- It is resistant to calcareous and chalky soils.
- It is resistant to soils with poor drainage.
- It is highly compatible with the air of industrial and smoky areas.
- Paulownia is good for wood and firewood.
The origin of the tree goes back to China and Japan. Since 2600 BC, Paulownia has been considered a sacred tree and a symbol of good luck. In Asian countries, the tradition of planting this amazing tree was created after the birth of a girl in the family. After that, on the day of the girl’s wedding, the trunk of the tree was cut and a wooden box was made from it to carry the girl’s furniture. Foresters point to Paulownia’s resistance to temperature as well as attacks by parasites and insects.
However, the wood and energy industries seem to be most interested in Paulownia.
Due to the strong and deep roots of paulownia, it grows quickly after cutting, which means that even several harvestings from the wood of one seedling are possible.
In addition, this wood is high quality, durable and lightweight.
The achievements of Paulownia affect the industry, assuming that 2000 trees are planted per hectare, after about 5-7 years, about 200-300 tons of wood with qualitative parameters can be harvested.
The thermal value of Paulownia is similar to birch, about 15.5 MJ/kg (wood moisture: 20%).
Optimistic forecasts says that under favorable weather conditions, a 5 to 7-year-old farm can produce about 100 tons of Paulownia wood per year.
It is not surprising that not only the business world, but also the scientific world is interested in this plant and its huge potential.
Paulownia wood has attracted many fans from all over the world due to its unique features such as lightweight and high resistance to heat. Paulownia grows naturally from north to south China, and different figures vary according to specific climatic and ecological tolerances in this vast region. As a result, the density or specific weight of wood is different according to the variety and growth conditions.
If you are looking for very beautiful and light furniture, the furniture made from the wood of this tree will certainly surprise you because this wood is the lightest and strongest type of wood in the world. It is odorless and naturally resistant to fire, salt water, termites and rot.
What do you think about this wood?