Balsa Wood (Products: Panels, Sheets And Stripwood) – Strong And Sturdy

balsa wood uses and properties

what is balsa؟ The world of wood is very diverse. Wood is one of the most important natural materials that has been widely used in human life since the beginning of human existence on the planet. The variety of textures, colors and designs of woods has increased the range of effectiveness of this natural substance in human life. Balsa wood is a Latin American native of the Malvaceae family that grows well in a high range of lands from southern Mexico to southern Brazil.

In this article, we want to talk about the properties of balsa wood as well as its applications. If you are planning to use wood in the interior and exterior decoration of your home or to make some furniture, this article will definitely be very interesting for you.

We will answer these questions in this article. Join us to learn more about the properties and use of balsa wood.

Introducing the Balsa Tree

At the beginning of the article, let’s talk more about the balsa tree. This tree is a flowering plant and its wood is widely used in industry. Due to its rapid growth, it will be a very good option for the woodworking industry and the manufacture of wooden tools because its wood production is very high.

When the wood of this tree is supposed to be utilized in wooden tools, the trunk of the tree should be cut between the ages of 6 and 10 years, so that its wood can be easily used to make all kinds of tools.

Balsa wood is native to the rainforests of South America and has lightweight. Balsa trees grow naturally in the rainforests and humid forests of Central and South America.

A balsa tree is a type of tree native to Central and South America. It is a fast-growing deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 100 feet. The wood of the balsa tree is very light and soft, making it ideal for use in model airplanes and other crafts. The wood is also used in construction, furniture making, and boat building.

what does a balsa tree look like?

A balsa tree is a tall, slender tree that can reach heights of up to 100 feet. It has a straight trunk with smooth, light gray bark and its leaves are small, oval-shaped and bright green. Its flowers are small and white, and its fruits are small, round, and yellow.

read more: Which Wood Is Best For Wardrobes?

Balsa, also called balsa tree, grows from southern Mexico to Bolivia.  What tree does balsa wood come from? To use balsa tree wood for the production of boards, etc., you can cut it when the tree is 6 to 10 years old. Six months after sowing, the thickness of the tree trunk is about 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters and its height is about 3 to 3.5 meters. When the tree is young, the length of these leaves reaches about 120 cm. As the tree gets older, these leaves become smaller until they reach about 20 to 25 cm.

The balsa tree has up to five times more water than wood. Therefore, balsa wood must be carefully dried after cutting.

The process of drying the tree trunk takes about two weeks until the moisture content of the wood reaches only six percent. This process also kills any bacteria or insects inside the wood. In this article, a detailed description of the wood drying process is written.

One of the most important materials for making airplanes is balsa wood. To make these airplanes, balsa wood is covered with thermal coating.


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introducing the balsa tree grow

Characteristics of Balsa Wood

To study the use of Balsa wood, we need to get acquainted with its properties: (balsa wood properties)

  • In terms of weight, balsa wood has a light structure and that is why it is used for insulation purposes and also to make replicas and various types of tennis racquets.
  • The wood cells are very large and have thin walls. For this reason, it has a lighter weight than other woods.
  • It is interesting to know that despite the low weight of balsa wood, it has a very high resistance and in terms of strength, it can be compared to oak and pine wood.
  • Another feature of balsa wood is its soft texture. When it comes to this, you may think that balsa wood is not at all suitable for making tools because it is soft and that will make it brittle. But this is a completely wrong imagination. The softness of wood does not mean that it is fragile, but it shows that the flexibility of wood is very high and as a result, it will be very suitable for carving, inlaying, chopping and cutting.
  • If you look at some species of balsa tree, you will notice that there is a heterogeneous color composition inside. Therefore, when using, we must choose the best balsa wood based on our final product.
  • Since the thickness of balsa wood is less than other trees, when working with this wood, carpenters and artisans should be more careful because it may become brittle.
  • Balsa wood’s adhesion is excellent and if you are going to glue some wooden parts together with a special glue, there will be no restrictions for you in this regard.
  • In general, balsa wood is excellent for shaping different tools and, in this regard, carpenters do not have limitations for polishing wood and making various tools.

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properties of balsa wood


It is interesting to know that this wood is very light in weight and stronger than oak wood and pine wood. Read more about the difference between oak and pine.

Balsa Wood Applications

Next, we will talk about balsa wood uses. Let’s talk a little about the history of balsa wood. During World War I, the Allies were thinking of a great alternative to cork in order to reduce the cost of the war. It was at this time that they accidentally found the balsa tree wood. Of course, the problem with using this wood was the difficulty of cutting it and shredding the tree trunk.

It is still a bit difficult to harvest this wood. Due to the fact that balsa trees do not grow all at once and are scattered, it is not possible to use industrial methods to cut all the trees at once and carpenters must act one by one. According to the characteristics that we have mentioned for balsa wood lumber, the most important usages of this wood are:

balsa wood planks

What products are made from balsa?

  • This wood is used to make the interior walls of aircraft and aircraft replicas, as well as structures and civil maquettes.
  • Balsa wood is used to make sports equipment such as ping pong and tennis racquets and even fishing equipment, yachts and surfboards.
  • Another use of balsa wood is to make guitar bodies.
  • It is interesting to know that even balsa sawdust is used because sawdust is light in weight and is therefore used to fill boxing bags.

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balsa wood weight

The weight of balsa wood depends on the density of the wood, which can range from as low as 4 pounds per cubic foot to as high as 20 pounds per cubic foot.

density of balsa wood

Balsa wood has a density of about 40-160 kg/m3.

balsa wood sizes

Balsa wood is available in a variety of sizes, ranging from thin sheets to large blocks. The thickness of balsa wood sheets typically ranges from 0.5mm to 6mm, while balsa wood blocks can range from 1cm to 25cm in length and width.

Balsa Wood Price

Certainly one of the most important issues for all craftsmen in the field of making wooden tools is the issue of the cost they have to pay for the raw material, namely wood. We have to say that since balsa tree is native to South America, it will be costly to import it into the country. Of course, this also depends on the type of equipment selected. Definitely, the more amount of balsa wood lumber you use in your device, the higher the price will be.

balsa wood lumber

balsa wood lumber is a lightweight, softwood that is often used in model building and crafting. It is a popular choice for making model airplanes, boats, and other structures because it is lightweight and easy to work with. Balsa wood is available in a variety of sizes and thicknesses, and can be purchased from most hobby stores.

balsa wood lumber

The quality of the chosen wood for furniture, interior decoration and exterior application, not only determines its durability, but is also very important from an aesthetic point of view.

Finland Wood Company with a team of experienced specialists in the field of recognizing different types of wood, are ready to offer you a variety of wood products. For consultation from our experts, you can call the company numbers or use the online chat service of the website.

You can order balsa wood boards in different sizes. Contact our sales experts now.

balsa wood planks

Balsa wood planks are thin pieces of wood made from balsa trees. Balsa wood is a lightweight and soft wood that is commonly used for model building, such as for model airplanes, boats, and architectural models.

Balsa wood planks come in a variety of sizes and thicknesses, and they can be easily cut and shaped using a variety of tools, including knives, saws, and sandpaper. Balsa wood planks are also easy to glue and paint, making them a versatile material for a wide range of creative projects.

When purchasing balsa wood planks, it’s important to consider the quality of the wood. High-quality balsa wood will be straight and consistent in thickness, with a smooth surface and no visible defects or knots. Lower-quality balsa wood may have irregularities or blemishes that can make it more difficult to work with.

Overall, balsa wood planks are a popular choice for model builders and hobbyists due to their lightweight, easy-to-work-with nature and versatility.

balsa wood planks

What are the disadvantages of balsa wood?

The disadvantages of this wood are insignificant compared to its use and benefits. But the most important disadvantage is the price of balsa wood boards. The price of this wood is more expensive than other woods. 

  • High cost of purchasing this product
  • Its fragility due to its thinness
  • Color inconsistency in some of these trees
  • The need for high accuracy and attention when working with these products
  • Low thickness of this wood compared to other trees

balsa wood pros and cons


  • Balsa wood is lightweight and buoyant, making it ideal for model airplanes, boats, and other projects that require a lightweight material.
  • It is easy to work with and can be cut, sanded, and shaped with relative ease.
  • Balsa wood is relatively inexpensive compared to other types of wood.
  • It is strong and durable, making it suitable for a variety of projects.


  • Balsa wood is not as strong as other types of wood, so it is not suitable for projects that require a lot of strength or stability.
  • It is susceptible to water damage, so it is not suitable for outdoor projects.

balsa core material

Balsa core material is a lightweight, porous wood product used in the construction of composite materials. It is commonly used in the manufacture of boats, aircraft, and other structures where weight is a major factor. Balsa core material is composed of small, thin cells filled with air, which makes it very lightweight and buoyant. It is also very strong and stiff, making it an ideal material for use in composite structures. Balsa core material is available in a variety of densities and can be cut and shaped to fit any application.

best place to buy balsa wood

Balsa wood can be purchased from most craft stores, hobby stores, and online retailers. Popular online stores include Amazon, finland wood.

balsa wood boat

A balsa wood boat is a type of boat made from balsa wood, a lightweight, buoyant wood. Balsa wood boats are often used in model boat building and can be made in a variety of shapes and sizes. They are popular for their ease of construction and relatively low cost. Balsa wood boats can be used for recreational activities such as sailing, fishing, and racing.

Is balsa wood expensive?

As we said above, this wood is expensive. If you are looking for a wood similar to balsa that is durable and has a reasonable price, we suggest you pine wood.

is balsa wood strong?

Balsa wood is often considered to be the strongest wood in the world for its weight. Models made of balsa wood lumber can last a long time as long as they are not subjected to too much pressure or stress. Balsa wood planks are soft. It easily breaks or cracks on the surface under pressure.

In this article, we have tried to provide you with information about balsa wood. I hope this article was useful for you.

where do balsa trees grow?

Balsa trees are native to Central and South America, and are found in tropical rainforests.

cricut balsa wood

Yes, you can use Cricut to cut balsa wood. However, you will need to use a deep-cut blade and adjust the settings on your machine for the best results. You may also need to use a mat to keep the wood from shifting as you cut.

how to cut balsa wood by hand

  1. Gather the necessary tools. You will need a sharp hobby knife, a ruler, a cutting board, and sandpaper.
  2. Measure the desired length of the balsa wood piece and mark it with a pencil.
  3. Place the balsa wood on the cutting board and use the ruler to guide your hobby knife.
  4. Cut the balsa wood along the marked line.
  5. Sand the edges of the cut balsa wood to make them smooth.

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